ODB - English Grammar
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DR. CARL E. BALITA REVIEW CENTER TEL. NO. 735-4098/7350740 - 1 - RULES ON GRAMMAR Subject-verb agreement - Singular subjects need singular verbs and plural subjects need plural verbs. If the subject is singular, use is. Example: 1. My brother is a nurse. 2. The man was alone when I saw him. When the word who, which, or that is used as a subject in a subordinate clause, we use either the singular or plural form of the verb depending on the number of antecedent. Example: 1. She is the only one among the applicants who has qualified for the said position. 2. She is the only qualified person of the trainees who have applied. If the noun is in plural form but is singular in meaning, use the singular form of the verb. (Nouns that show weight, extent, quantity, depth or volume). Example: 1. Twenty kilos of beef was delivered. 2. Two liters of water was given to me in the competition. If the subject is in third person and the verb to be used is in present tense, add an s or es to the verb. Example: 1. The cat catches the mouse. 2. The car runs on gasoline. The indefinite pronoun none can be either are determinants of number. Example: 1. None of you claims responsibility for the event. 2. None of you claim responsibility for the event. 3. None of the students have done their homework. use is plural.) Indefinite pronouns such as anyone, everyone, someone, no one, nobody and each are always singular and require singular verbs. Example: 1. Everyone is invited to the event. 2. Nobody said it was easy. 3. Each of the students was given a topic to discuss. (Note: The subject is each, not students.) The words all and some are singular or plural be counted?). Example: 1. Some of his teeth are missing. 2. All of the water is gone. The pronouns neither and either are always singular and we use the singular form of the verb even though they seem to be referring to two things. Example: 1. Neither of the clocks is working. 2. Either suit is fine with me. Jeremiah 17:7 "But blessed is the man who trusts in the LORD, whose confidence is in him." ENGLISH GRAMMAR DR. CARL E. BALITA REVIEW CENTER TEL. NO. 735-4098/7350740 - 2 - If the words or, nor, neither-nor, either-or, not only-but also are used, the verb that we use must agree with nearer subject. Example: 1. Either the slaves or the master is going to prison. 2. Neither the president nor his subordinates are eating in the hotel tonight. Words such as glasses, pliers, pants, and scissors are regarded as plural unless the word pair precedes them. Example: 1. My pants are torn. 2. A pair of scissors is in the drawer. There are instances when modifiers get in between the subject and its verb, these modifiers does not affect the agreement between the subject and the ...