ODB - Reading Comprehension (1)
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DR. CARL E. BALITA REVIEW CENTER TEL. NO. 735-4098/7350740 - 1 - READING COMPREHENSION MADE EASY: 1. Take the reading comprehension part last. 2. Look at the length of all the passages provided. 3. Focus on the passage. 4. Read the passage first, and then read the questions. In an attempt to save time, some students do the other way around. It may be helpful when answering questions regarding details. However, it prevents you from understanding the whole passage and you migh t encounter problems when dealing with questions on inferring details and predicting results/ conclusions. 5. Read passages with more questions. 6. Read the short passages first, save the long ones last. One of the most annoying things about this type of the te st is that some entrance tests would provide a very long passage, about a page in length, then asking just 2 3 questions. 7. Familiarize yourself with transition words. 8. Understand the questions. TRANSITION WORDS Type Example Continuing Idea Words Similarly; Moreover; Additionally; In the same way; Likewise Conclusion Words Thus; Therefore; Hence; So; In summary; In conclusion Contradiction or Contrast Words Nevertheless; Nonetheless; However; But; Yet; Although; Even though; Notwithstanding; Despite; In spite of; On the other hand; While; Unlikely COMMON QUESTIONS Know what the question is asking for and then learn best how to attack them. Major reading question types would include the following: Look in the first and last paragraphs (when applicable). Some authors use the inverted pyramid style of writing where they present ideas from broad to specific. conclusion. The main idea is sometimes presented during the concluding part of the passage. Go to the specific paragraph in the passage that lines before and after it. READING COMPREHENSION Colossians 3: 23 with all your heart, as working MAIN TOPIC In main idea questions, you will be asked to determine the unifying theme or main topic of the passage. The questions often begin with: wing statements would best Which of the following most accurately states You may encounter questions that would ask you to questions are in these forms: OBJECTIVE DETAILS These questions are primarily concerned with who, what, when, why, where and how or simply the nitty-gritty details presented by the writer in the passage. The questions are in these forms: DR. CARL E. BALITA REVIEW CENTER TEL. NO. 735-4098/7350740 - 2 - Look for nearby context clues and understand how the word is being used in the passage. Any answer that opposes the main idea of the passage is wrong. Look for words that suggest positive or negative conditions, neutrality and emotions. Use the same guidelines in answering main idea questions. Eliminate choices that are too broad or too specific. Use the same guidelines in answering inference questions. Choose the answer that logically develops from the information in the paragraph. Identify the topic sentence Pinpoint the repeated key words and phrases. Writers repeat words and phrases to connect sentences and establish that one subject is being discussed. Connect ...