ODB - Soc Sci (State And Gov) (1)
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DR. CARL E. BALITA REVIEW CENTER TEL. NO. 735-4098/7350740 - 1 - STATE community of persons, more or less numerous, permanently occupying a definite portion of territory independent of external control and possessing an organized government to which the great body of inhabitants render habitual obedience. Elements of the State: People the inhabitants of the state Territory fixed portion of the surface of the earth inhabited by the people of the state. Government agency or instrumentality through which the will of the state is formulated, expressed and realized. National Government The entire machinery of the government Local Government Political subdivisions such as provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays Autonomous regions Autonomous governments or regions in the coun t ry Metropolitan Authority S pecial political subdivision s composed of all local government units comprising Metro Manila Sovereignty supreme power of the state to enforce its will upon the people and the freedom from external or foreign control. Origin of the State Divine Right Theory Necessity or Force Theory The state is of Div ine creation and the ruler is ordained by God to govern the people. R eference has been made to the laws which Moses received at Mt. Sinai . State must have been created through force, by some great warriors who imposed their will upon the weak. Paternalistic Theory Social Contract Theory Attributes the origin of the state to the enlargement of the family which remained under the authority of the mother or father. Asserts that the early states must have been formed by deliberate and voluntary compact among the people to form a society and organize government for their common good. This theory justifies the right of the people to revolt against a bad ruler. FORMS OF GOVERNMENT Monarchy The supreme and final authority is i n the hands of a single person without regard to the source of his election or the nature or duration of his tenure 1. Absolute monarchy : the ruler rules by divine right 2. Limited monarchy : the ruler rules in accordance with a constitution Aristocracy Political power is exercised by a few privileg ed class Democracy Political power is exercised by a majority of the people. 1. Direct or pure democ racy : t he will of the State is formulated or expressed directly and immediately through the people in a mass meeting or primary assemb ly rather than through the medium of delegates or representatives chosen to act for them 2. Indirect , represen tative or republican democracy : the will of the S tate i s formulated and expressed through the agency of a relatively small and select body of persons chosen by the people to act as th eir representatives P salm 138:1 " I will praise you Lord with all my heart. S ocial Science DR. CARL E. BALITA REVIEW CENTER TEL. NO. 735-4098/7350740 - 2 - FORMS OF GOVERNMENT De jure General support of its people and is founded on existing constitutional laws of the ...